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高中期末考试-高二英语期末之同位语从句

2019-01-12 21:06:49  来源:网络整理

  高中期末考试-高二英语期末之同位语从句!.聪明出于勤奋,天才在于积累 --华罗庚。大家听过这句话吗?英语更是积累,期末考试来临,大家加油复习呦~小编给大家整理了一些同位语从句,拿出笔记本记录吧。下面是高中期末考试-高二英语期末之同位语从句希望对同学们有帮助!

 

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  高中期末考试-高二英语期末之同位语从句(一)


  1. 定义:


  用作同位语的从句叫做同位语从句。


  2. 用法:


  同位语从句的先行词多为fact, news, idea, thought, question, reply, report, remark等,关联词多用从属连词that。如: They were all very much worried over the fact that you were sick. 对你生病这件事,他们都很焦虑。 Where did you get the idea that I could not come? 你在哪儿听说我不能来? Early in the day came the news that Germany had declared war on Russia. 德国已对俄国宣战的消息一大早就传来了。


  注:


  同位语从句偶尔由从属连词whether引导。如: I have no idea whether he’ll come or not. 我不知道他是否来。 连接代词who, which, what和连接副词where, when, why, how亦可引导同位语从句。 The question who should do the work requires consideration. 谁该干这项工作,这个问题需要考虑。 We haven't yet settled the question where we are going to spend our summer vacation. 到哪儿去度暑假,这个问题我们还没有决定。 It is a question how he did it. 那是一个他如何做了此事的问题。


  解释:


  1.


  that引导的同位语从句与定语从句之区别 that引导的同位语从句 that引导的定语从句 句法功能上 that只起连接从句的作用,无意义。在从句中不充当句子成分。不可省。 that替代先行词在从句中不仅起连接作用,还充当一个句子成分。如在从句中作动词的宾语时可省略。 意义上 从句是被修饰名词的内容。 从句起限定作用,是定语 如:The news that Mr. Li will be our new English teacher is true. (同位语从句,that不可省。) 李先生将是我们的新英语老师这个消息是真的。 The news (that) he told me yesterday is true. (定语从句,that在从句中作told的宾语,可省。) 他昨天告诉我的消息是真的。


  2.


  一些表示“建议、命令、要求”的名词后所跟的同位语从句中,谓语动词用虚拟语气should+动词原形表示。should可省。如: This is our only request that this (should) be settled as soon as possible. 这就是我们唯一的请求:尽快解决这个问题。


  测试:


  A. 用适当的连接词填空:


  1. It worried her a bit her hair was turning gray.


  2. I have no idea we can do with these waste materials.


  3. the doctor really doubts is my mother will recover from the serious disease soon.


  4. It is hoped nature will never be destroyed.


  5. do you guess will give a talk on English tomorrow?


  6. ---- I drove to Zhuhai for the air show last week. ---- Is that you had a few days off?


  7. Word came I was wanted at the office.


  8. Do you know of them will be our new headmaster?


  9. The teacher didn't tell me we were wrong.


  10. It's generally considered unwise to give a child he or she wants.


  B. 单项选择:


  1. It was true Alice did surprised her mother. A. that B. what C. that, what D. what, that


  2. Does matter much he can't come to the meeting. A. it, if B. that, if C. it, whether D. this, whether


  3. ----What are you anxious about? ---- . A. How can we succeed B. Whether we can succeed C. When can we succeed D. That we can succeed


  4. The reason the little actress has been such a success is she is both clever and hard-working. A. why, why B. why, that C. that, because D. for, because


  5. leaves the room last ought to turn off the lights. A. Who B. Whoever C. Anyone D. The person


  6. I really don't know ____________ I had this photo taken. A. where it was that B. it was that C. where it was D. it was why


  7. Dr. Black comes from either Oxford or Cambridge. I can't remember . A. where B. there C. which D. that


  8. ----What do you think of China? --- different life is today from it used to be. A. How, what B. What, what C. How, that D. What, that


  9. Give this to you think can do the work well. A. who B. whom C. whoever D. whomever


  10. troubles me is I can't learn all these English idioms by heart. A. That, that B. What, what C. That, what D. What, that


  答案:


  A. 1. that 2. what 3. what, whether 4. that 5. who 6. why 7. that 8. which 9. where 10. whatever


  B. 1-5 CABBB 6-10 ACACD


  高中期末考试-高二英语期末之同位语从句(二)


  同位语从句用于对前面的名词作进一步解释,说明名词的具体内容。同位语从句一般由that引导,但也可以由whether 以及连接代词和连接副词引导。


  A.同位语从句一般跟在名词fact, hope, idea, news, doubt, suggestion, information, opinion, decision, discovery, truth, promise, statement, problem, rule等的面。


  They were all very much worried over the fact that you were sick. 对你生病这件事,他们都很焦虑。


  Where did you get the idea that I could not come 你在哪儿听说我不能来?


  I have no idea whether he'll come or not. 我不知道他是否来。


  We haven't yet settled the question where we are going t spend our summer vacation. 到哪儿去度暑假,这个问题我们还没有决定。


  It is a question how he did it. 那是一个他如何做了此事的问题。


  There is no doubt that we will win. 毫无疑问我们会赢的。


  注意:


  当含有同位语从句的主句谓语部分过短时,可以把谓语动词提前,使同位语从句与名词隔开,以避免头重脚轻的现象。


  Word came that Mr President would come and inspect ourschool himself. 有消息说总统先生将亲自来视察我们学校。


  B.使用虚拟语气的同位语从句


  在一些表示建议、命令、要求的名词后的同位语从句中,谓语动词用should+动词原形表示,should可省略。


  This is our only request that this (hould) be settled as soon as possible. 尽快解决这个问题,这是我们唯一的请求。


  He made the suggestion that we go by train. 他建议我们坐火车去。


  高中期末考试-高二英语期末之同位语从句(三)


  限制性定语从句和它的先行词的所指意义有着不可分割的联系,缺少了它,作为先行词的名词(词组)便不能明确表示其所指对象,根据汉语的表达习惯及对原文的忠实度,翻译这类定语从句可以采用以下几种方法:


  合译法


  合译法指把定语从句译成带的的定语词组,放在被修饰词的前面,从而将复合句译成汉语单句。合译法一般适用于结构比较简单或具有描写性的限制性定语从句。


  Yet no such effect had been detected in any of the ingenious and delicate experiments thatphysicists had devised: the velocity(速度)of light did not vary.


  分析:定语从句的结构是简单的主谓宾结构,翻译成前置的定语词组。


  参考译文:然而在任何物理学家所进行过的精细巧妙的实验中,都没有发现这种影响:光速没有变化。


  分译法


  如果限制性定语从句结构较为复杂。译成前置的定语短语显得太长而不符合汉语表达习惯时,从句一般与主句分译,往往可以译成后置的并列分句,也可以依据上下文译成前置的并列分句。


  As brighter areas of the image eject more electrons than the darker or shaded portions, anelectronic image is produced in which varying degrees of positive charge duplicate lightintensities seen in the scene being pictured.


  分析:在这句的定语从句中,有现在分词作前置定语,及过去分词做后置定语,翻译成前置的定语词组会生涩拗口。因此将从句与主句分开翻译,单独成句。


  参考译文:因为图像的较明亮的部分比黑暗的部分或者阴影部分发射的电子更多,所以产生的电子图像随正电荷的变化强度,使正在描述的荧幕上的光强度成倍增强。


  融合法


  当定语部分所给信息与被修饰词关系紧密、必不可少时,可将原来的语序打乱,用自己的话将原句中的主句与定语从句重新组织,译成一个独立的句子。


  There are those who insist that the era of a computer terminal on every desk is just aroundthe corner, while others insist that traditional teaching methods will never give way tocomputerized instruction.


  分析:在翻译there be句型中的定语从句时,常用此方法。


  参考译文:有些人坚信,每张课桌上放一台计算机终端设备的时代即将来临,而另一些坚持说传统的教学方法决不会让位于计算机教学。


  断开法


  当前置或后置都要影响上下文连贯时,可以将其放在主句中间,用破折号或括号等将其与主句断开。例如:


  The last bits and pieces of interplanetary debris(星际碎片)from which Earth formed were justarriving.


  参考译文:最后的一批星际碎片(地球正是由这些碎片构成的)正降落在地球上。

 

 

 

  小编推荐:

 

  高中期末考试-高二英语期末之虚拟语态

  高中期末考试-高二英语期末之名词用法

  高中期末考试-高二英语期末之定语从句

 

 

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