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中秋节的来历简单介绍英语版

2021-09-25 15:16:10  来源:网络整理

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中秋节的来历简单介绍英语版!作为一名学生,一定要有足够强大的求知欲,中秋将至,同学们要好好了解了解关于中秋节的来历,来普及普及自己的课外知识,也可以把中秋节的来历讲给家里的老人听,活跃气氛。下面,小编为大家带来中秋节的来历简单介绍英语版

中秋节的来历英文版

Mid-Autumn Festival

One of the most important festivals is the Mid-Autumn Day. Chinese ancestors believed that the 7th,8th,and 9th lunar months belong to autumn. So the Mid-Autumn Day falls on the 15th day of the eighth lunar month.

In mid-autumn, farmers have just finished gathering their crops and bringing in fruits from the orchards果园. Overjoyed狂喜的 with the bumper丰富的 harvest, they feel quite relaxed after a year's hard work. So the 15th of the eighth lunar month has gradually evolved as成为 a widely celebrated festival for ordinary people.

Night falls. The land is bathed in silver moonlight, as at this time of the year the weather is usually fine and the sky usually clear. Families set up tables in their courtyards 庭院or sit on their balconies, chatting and sharing offerings祭品 to the moon. Together they enjoy the enchanting迷人的 spell of night. Naturally at this pleasant moment people are reminded of beautiful legends about the moon. The most popular in China is an ancient story telling how a girl named Chang'e flew to the moon.

Long long ago, a terrible drought干旱plagued折磨;困扰 the land. Ten suns burned fiercely猛烈地 in the sky like smoldering 情绪郁积的volcanoes火山. The land was parched烤, and rivers went dry. Many people died of hunger and thirst. Then there appeared a brave young man named Hou Yi who took out his red bow and white arrows箭and shot down nine suns one after another一个接一个的. The weather immediately turned cooler and heavy rains filled the rivers with fresh water. Life was restored恢复 on the earth and humanity was saved.

A beautiful girl secretly fell in love with the hero, who also loved the sweet girl. Soon they got married.

Out of respect for what he had done for his people, the goddess of the western sky rewarded the brave young man with a special drink that could give its drinker eternal永恒的 life in the heaven and made him an immortal being生命.

But an evil-minded person got to learn the secret and he managed to kill the hero by a sudden attack. The murder done, he ran to Chang'e who was waiting for the return of her husband from hunting. The wicked邪-恶的 murderer谋杀者 forced强迫 the wife to give him the drink. Without hesitation犹豫, the wife in her desperation绝望的境地 took up the drink and drank it in one gulp大口的.

Overcome with grief悲痛, the faithful忠诚wife rushed to the dead body of her husband and wept bitterly悲痛地. But soon the drink began to take effect and Chang'e felt herself lifted up from the ground towards heaven.

She had to live on the moon because it is nearest to the earth where her husband lay lifeless无生命的 and cold. She was alone and sad, never able to get back to earth.

For thousands of years the Chinese people have related涉及 the vicissitudes兴衰 of life to changes of the moon as it waxes渐满 and wanes渐淡的: joy and sorrow, parting and reunion. Because the round, full moon is a symbol of reunion and happiness, the mid-autumn day when the moon is at its fullest and brightest is naturally taken as the festival. In the Chinese written language, the word圆满(pronounced as "yuan man") means round and full literally字面上地, and metaphorically 暗喻it suggests family reunion and perfection 完美of life in the world. Every family would try to enjoy a happy reunion of its members in hoping for a more perfect life in future. Those who cannot return home on this day to watch the bright moon together with their dear ones always feel deep longing for their family. One of the most famous poets in the Tang Dynasty, Li Bai, expressed his longing for home place

in a short poem that has become known even to three-year-old kids for thousands of years. It runs like this:

Before my bed shine bright the silver moon beams,

It seems autumn frost on the chamber floor gleams.

Gazing up toward the full moon in the night skies,

I can't but lower my head as homesickness乡愁 does arise上升.

Today festivities欢宴,庆典 centered about the Mid-Autumn Day are more varied. After a family reunion dinner, many people like to go out to attend special performances in parks or on public squares. Some groups or clubs of retired people would hold gatherings or parties for appreciation of the moonlight.

Among all the ways to celebrate this particular occasion, one traditional custom has definitely remained unchanged and is shared by almost every Chinese. That is eating a special kind of food: moon-cakes. Most of these cakes are made in a round shape, again a symbol of the full moon. There are a number of fillings wrapped缠绕,包裹 inside the cakes, so it's also a golden time for markets and department stores to sell these special cakes to citizens市民 before and during the festival. They are really delicious, and it's not uncommon for people to send moon-cakes to friends and relatives as Mid-Autumn gifts. While eating the tasty moon-cakes and gazing at the bright moon in the night sky, people feel sweet and happy at heart.

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中秋节的习俗:

吃月饼

中秋节最广的传统风俗就是中秋节吃月饼,俗话说:“八月十五月正圆,中秋月饼香又甜”。“月饼”一词,最早见于南宋吴自牧的《梦梁录》中,那时,它也只是像菱花饼一样的饼形食品。后来人们逐渐把中秋赏月与品尝月饼结合在一起,寓意家人团圆的象征。

赏月

在中秋节之夜,除了吃月饼,我国自古就有赏月的习俗。《礼记》记载“秋暮夕月”,即祭拜月神。到了周代,每逢中秋夜都要举行迎寒和祭月。在宋代,中秋赏月之风更盛,据《东京梦华录》记载:“中秋夜,贵家结饰台榭,民间争占酒楼玩月”。

祭月

中秋节祭月,是我国古代重要祭礼之一。《礼记》中记载:“天子春朝日,秋夕月。朝日以朝,夕月以夕。”在周朝,帝王有春分祭日、夏至祭地、秋分祭月、冬至祭天的习俗。随着时间的推移,祭月逐渐流传到民间,祭月的日子,也由秋分日移到了离秋分最近的满月日——中秋。

 

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